HIV is one of the most dreaded diseases of the 21st century. Its origin dates back to 1981 when it was first diagnosed in 5 homosexuals in the city of Los Angeles, in the United States. Back then it was referred to as the GRID a short form for Gay-Related Immune Deficiency because it was only believed to affect only homosexuals. Later that theory was thrown away after cases were reported from all over, and after it was discovered that it affects anybody.
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Today HIV has reached its proportions, hitting across all nations of the word and is considered the most dangerous disease. Significant advancements have been made in the fields of medications and mass awareness as nations gather efforts to fight this dreaded disease. However, even with the much talk about HIV, people are always constantly warned about the disease but are seldom told how HIV affects the body.
So how does HIV does affects the body?
Technically known as the human immunodeficiency virus, the immunodeficiency part of it tells you how does HIV affect the body. The HIV virus works by destroying the CD4+ cells which are critical in the immune system. Since it is a virus it requires cells to replicate, the peculiar part of the virus is that it cannot replicate without the cellular material provided by the CD4+ cells. As the virus replicates more and more cells of the CD4+ cells are destroyed making the body immune system less effective.
As the virus gradually weakens body defense systems, the body becomes vulnerable to a number of diseases. The signs and symptoms of AIDs eventually start to show up after the system is totally weak. How quickly the diseases advances is highly dependent on a number of factors. Some of these include your overall health status, your age and how quickly you get diagnosed. Getting diagnosed early is good because you will take some preventive measures to curb the diseases from rapidly spreading. Currently, there is no cure for HIV, to be safe take all precautionary measures to avoid getting contact with the virus.