More periodontal infections are seen in HIV patients due to their immunocompromised condition. Patients in an advanced condition face more problems with these infections. The early identification and treatment of these gum infections can minimize the complications. You can go to this link to read more about how to prevent oral problems in HIV patients.
The HIV patients are advised to take a systemic medication as a treatment procedure for their condition. When antibiotics are given to these patients by a dentist, it may result in some allergies. A proper consideration for the patient’s medical history is needed while advising any antibiotics. HIV patients who are already on some antibiotics to prevent infections may not require additional medications.
Treatment options for gum infections
- Patients with poor oral hygiene are recommended to use chlorhexidine mouthwashes. It provides antibiotic coverage to gum and other oral infections.
- Regular scaling followed by chlorhexidine irrigation can reduce the gum infection.
Antibiotics for gum infection
For gum infection, regular antibiotics like amoxicillin, erythromycin, clindamycin etc. can be given. A routine antibiotic sensitivity test can be performed to avoid complications. Each patient should be evaluated well when there is a need for any urgent dental treatment.
Steps for prevention of gum infections
- HIV patient should be educated about oral hygiene and good oral habits.
- The patient should be advised to do regular brushing, flossing and using of mouth rinses.
- Regular dental visits should be done for a routine checkup. This may help in the early identification of any gum infection.
HIV patients are at an increased risk of gum infections. A dentist can avoid these complications by following a thorough check-up of the patient. Antibiotic treatment can be given to patients by consulting the physician. Early diagnosis and treatment can increase the overall quality of the patient’s oral health.