How Hard Is It To Get Infected With HIV? 

HIV transmission is shrouded in a veil of misconceptions. This, to a large extent is due to lack of proper knowledge in HIV/AIDS. However, a portion of these misconceptions also comes from ignorance, from people who are well versed in how HIV can be transmitted.

So, how hard is it to get HIV? The answer to this is that depends on the mode of transmission. HIV can be transmitted through a number of ways. As such, each method of transmission has its own degree of causing infection. But to give you a more satisfactory answer, I will discuss the various modes of transmission and their degree of infectivity.

Sexual Transmission

sexual intercourse

This is the most common method through which majority of people get infected. However, as we all know, there are different types of sex. The fact is that, they all carry different levels of risk.

Vaginal Sex

There have been about 10 studies on this. The studies showed that receptive vaginal sex carried an infection risk of 0. 08%. This translates to 1 infection in about 1,250 exposures. This study assumed that no condoms were used during the sexual acts.

Anal Sex

Analysis of 3 different studies showed that unprotected anal sex carried a risk of 1.4% to the person who was receptive. Insertive anal sex carried a risk of infection ranging between 0.06% to 0.62%.

Oral sex

Unfortunately, there have been no proper research in this category.

Blood and Breastfeeding


The risk of transmission of HIV through breastfeeding was estimated to be around 29%. However the rates were even higher for contaminated blood and tissue with a 92.5% infection rate. Quite high actually.

Needle Stick Injuries/ Needle Sharing

needle sharing

This mostly occurs to health personnel and carries an infection risk of 0.13%. Intravenous drug use poses a large chance of exposure to the virus.
In general, dental cleaning tools, syringes and other blood transmitting products that are contaminated carries the highest risk. Sharing cups and toilet seats carry no risk of transmission. Kissing and other non-sexual forms of affection has a slim to nil chance of infection.
So, now that you know, can you say that you are 100% safe?

Author: Claudia

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  2. I discovered I was HIV+ in 2015. I was devastated and ashamed. But today I have learnt so much about HIV in my life. Since I started working in 2016 and had a medical aid from r Odia with the help of his herbal herbs, I checked my CD4 count every 6 months. To my GP’s surprise, it stayed between 532 and 528 all these years. I am not doing anything different and I don’t know what I’m doing right to stay with dat count on CD4 this long. I don’t disclose my status at a go but I insist on protection. Though the partner who accepted my + status dumped me for unknown reason, I still stay positive with life. I don’t see death sentence with HIV, but I see life to be lived to the fullest. People die everyday in different ways, I will die but I know and positive that it will not be by HIV as I look after myself and the people around me. I want to go open with my status especially my family, but I’m scared. I’m still gathering strength, one day I will. Come what may, I will still have my life to live and enjoy. My mother wont accept his lobola, the rest of the family just wont speak to me, even about my future plans. It’s been tough but i have this firm belief that things will be ok. The worst part is that I come from an “educated” family and I thought that they would understand, Im embarrassed by how they’ve become, it’s a shame. I know they feel they are protecting me, but they’ve also lost my trust somehow.While they see disgust in me, I see someone who’s protected me throughout my pain, i want you out there to know that it never a shame to be infected with HIV positive but the shame is when you know and didnt do a thing about it.
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